Improving your lessons with Active Methodologies
agosto 2, 2021
Many institutions have seen change as a great opportunity for innovation. Among so many new proposals, there is one that seeks to place students at the heart of learning and have them take responsibility for their own process, which is possible through active methodologies.
Active methodologies include proposals of cooperative work, flipped learning and mediation. These methodologies promote motivation, interest, self-confidence and a sense of security for students where values, creativity, critical thinking and motivation play a fundamental role.
Teaching based on active methodologies is focused on making students responsible for their own learning process. This means that learning can be self-directed. The following are some of the active methodologies teachers are implementing:
- Cooperative Learning is a teaching method where the learner carries out specific tasks, called structures, in small teams in which each member has a specific role. The objective is for each team to work together as a whole and celebrate team rather than individual success. The trick to cooperative learning is to hold students to their assignments. As a teacher, this is where you fit into the cooperative learning experience. You are not directly «teaching» when cooperative learning happens. Instead, you are assuring that groups of students stay on assignment. You know from firsthand experience how easy it is for students to jump off topic and start over socializing rather than actually working together in a social setting. With this in mind, it is crucial that you pay attention to the entire class when they break into groups.
- Flipped learning is an approach that proposes a shift in the order in which new material is presented, including the types of activities carried out in the classroom as well as homework assignments. Traditionally, teaching has been based on the teacher explaining material in front of a class, who subsequently had to apply that information in classwork or homework. Flipped learning reverses this order to get the most out of the time spent in class.There are many benefits of flipped learning such as the active participation of students in their own learning, the personalized approach to the needs and rhythms of each person, the integration of families in the learning process, and that results can be made visible and shared with everyone. The main objective of this methodology is to make the classroom an active learning environment.
- Mediation: rather than simply referring to the interpretation or translation of a language, Mediation is understood as a meaningful act within the language learning experience. The 2018 CEFR sees Mediation as those key soft skills required for competent communication and the ability to reformulate language to facilitate understanding. It is an act of interaction that bridges reception and production; either between individuals, between languages, or in a personal act of processing language.
Mediation activities and strategies include:
Paraphrasing, recording and summarizing.
Linking information to previous knowledge.
Streamlining a text.
Breaking down complicated information.
Reformulation of source texts.
Content proposals can include different active methodologies, from preschool to teenagers and adults and a set of experiences and activities that motivate students to look for situations where they will have to acquire knowledge, skills, strategies, make decisions and create new types of skills.
What do you think about active methodologies? Leave us a comment with your opinion.